Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy, SOAS University of London dp27@soas.ac.uk

New Advisory Committee member

SCRAP is pleased to welcome a new Advisory Committee member. Geneva based disarmament expert Marc Finaud joined the SCRAP Advisory Committee in May this year. Marc Finaud is a Senior Programme Advisor for the Emerging Security Challenges Programme at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) and a Resident Senior Fellow at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR). He is a former French diplomat who was seconded to the GCSP in 2004 before becoming a staff member. 

View the SCRAP Advisory Committee members

Humanity Versus the Bomb

This post originally appeared on OpenCanada.org on 25 February 2014.

Although the natural beauty of the venue belied the subject matter, representatives of 146 states and 120 NGOs met February 13-14 at the Mexican coastal resort of Nayarit for the Second Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons.  Hosted by Mexico, the conference followed an initial gathering in Norway in March 2013 in which 127 states were represented.  Both were inspired by a single, unprecedented reference in the concluding document of the 2010 Review Conference for the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) expressing deep concern over the “catastrophic humanitarian consequences” of any use of nuclear weapons.

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Challenging Critics: Thoughts on SCRAP’s UN Panel

Outside the creative bubble that is SOAS, University of London, SCRAP is difficult to defend. Even inside critics lament the project’s overly idealistic – or some would say ludicrous – aim to not only pursue total and complete global disarmament, but to propose an initial legal framework through which this might be feasible. It is within this context of general skepticism that SCRAP held a panel discussion on the subject at the United Nations Office in Geneva. Attended by members of the disarmament community, diplomats, and an international group of students, the event proposed to open up discussion on this impossible idea. The panel’s members gave the forum an immediate weight; the UN Acting Head in Geneva Michael Moller delivered opening remarks, while Ambassador Urs Schmid of Switzerland, Marc Finaud of the Geneva Center for Security Policy and the UN Institute for Disarmament Research, and CISD Director Dan Plesch contributed to a discussion chaired by Finish Ambassador Paivi Kairamo. SCRAP’s student ambassadors Alexandra Tsamados, Kevin Miletic, and Bodil Jacobsen added their unique views on the project.

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UNOG Acting Director General Moller’s Opening remarks at SCRAP’s UN Discussion

Mr Michael Moller, Acting Director General of the United Nations Office of Geneva (UNOG), delivered the opening remarks at SCRAP’s discussion at the United Nations on 12 February 2014. The discussion was titled New Approaches to General and Complete Disarmament: looking towards Mexico and The Hague.

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Notes on the Berlin Session on Humanitarian Disarmament

The Berlin Session on Humanitarian Disarmament brought together a wide range of people and organisations from various backgrounds to constructively discuss the challenges facing humanitarian disarmament campaigns, and share ideas as to how best protect civilians and limit harm on humanity due to indiscriminate weapons. The Berlin Session also explored the link and drew parallels between humanitarian security, development, and inhumane weapons.

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Combat Drones: The Brave New World of the Conventionalization of Unmanned Warfare

Twenty years ago, the US Air Force began to develop the next generation of fighter aircraft aimed at securing total air superiority. The F-22 Raptor was intended to triumph over the relics of Soviet imperialism – Flankers and Fulcrums, Sukhoi and MiGs. Yet as the 20th century drew to a close, the attacks of 9/11 heralded a new kind of war; the United States prosecuted the Global War on Terrorism with the purpose of destroying terrorist organizations and regimes sympathetic to the cause of terror. Amid this war, the Raptor also came under threat – its aerial dominance challenged not by fighters fielded by rival powers, but a propeller-driven and aerodynamically obtuse creation: the Predator unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). At barely two percent of the unit cost of an F-22, the US military is increasingly deploying drones such as the Predator to undertake missions and operations previously reserved for manned combat aircraft.

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Humanitarian Disarmament Campaigns Forum- Thoughts from New York Part II

On a wind-snipped, sunny late October weekend in New York, a trusty band of energetic arms control and disarmament folks gathered opposite the UN, where we’ d spent the week in and out of the First Committee on Disarmament and its many side meetings.  I happened to be in New York, but was impressed at how many committed activists came together to discuss, debate and collaborate to develop a unified movement.

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On-Site Inspections: A Good Assurance of Compliance with International Arms Control and Disarmament Agreements

The recent historic agreement between Russia and the United States over the elimination of Syria’s chemical weapons has once more illustrated the critical importance of on-site inspections to ensure compliance with disarmament obligations. The teams of inspectors deployed by the United Nations and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) could, despite the time constraints and the conflict environment, verify and certify the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons production capabilities, a priority task. This remarkable achievement was made possible by the extensive experience gained by the OPCW in conducting some 5,300 on-site inspections on the territories of 86 of its now 190 member states since 1997. The 2013 Nobel Peace Prize has not be awarded to the OPCW in vain.

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Humanitarian Disarmament Campaigns Forum – Thoughts from New York Part I

New York City is a tense place at the best of times.  Coffee may be its drink of choice, but the average New Yorker would benefit greatly from less caffeine in his or her diet rather than the buckets of Joe they consume each day in their ubiquitous travel mugs.  But as I dodged in and out of various anxious-looking people hurrying to wherever anxious people go on a chilly Sunday morning, I could have done with an espresso myself.

The reason I was stumbling through the streets of New York was to participate in the Humanitarian Disarmament Campaigns Forum as a representative of SCRAP.

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Humanitarian Consequences and Nuclear Weapons

This article was first published on OpenCanada.org on October 28, 2013

Einstein once lamented that “it has become appallingly obvious that our technology has exceeded our humanity”. He may well have had nuclear weapons in mind – these creations of human technological prowess have the potential for destruction of a magnitude to efface humanity itself and all the principles of humanitarian action that we have devised. This has been the backdrop against which decades of efforts at nuclear non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament have been conducted.

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